Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of global mortality, accounting for almost 17 million deaths annually or 30 percent of all global mortality. It is estimated that about 40-50 percent of cardiovascular deaths are due to sudden cardiac arrest. The incidences of sudden cardiac deaths in India, including the state of Kerala are also alarmingly high as a consequence of lifestyle diseases.
CPR (Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation) is a life saving technique, the knowledge of which saves the lives of many people that develops sudden cardiac arrest, anywhere in the community at any point of time. As the incidence of out of hospital cardiac arrest is frequently seen in the community, knowledge of this lifesaving technique can save thousands of lives.
Hands-Only CPR is CPR without mouth-to-mouth breaths. It is recommended for use by people who see a teen or adult suddenly collapse in an “out-of-hospital” setting (such as at home, at work or in a park). It consists of providing high-quality chest compression by pushing hard and fast in the centre of the chest with minimal interruptions.
Hands-Only CPR is recommended for use on adults who suddenly collapse.
CPR is a psychomotor skill. The National Safety Council continues to recommend that everyone may take a CPR course to practice and learn the skills of CPR, including giving high-quality chest compressions. People who have had CPR training are more likely to give high-quality chest compressions and are more confident about their skills than those who have not been trained.